This chapter describes the tasks and commands for managing GFS and consists of the following sections:
Once a cluster is set up and running, you can create a GFS file system with the gfs_mkfs command. A file system is created on an activated CLVM volume. The following information is required to run the gfs_mkfs command:
Lock protocol/module name (for example, lock_dlm)
Number of journals (one journal required for each node that may be mounting the file system)
gfs_mkfs -p LockProtoName -t LockTableName -j Number BlockDevice
Make sure that you are very familiar with using the LockProtoName and LockTableName parameters. Improper use of the LockProtoName and LockTableName parameters may cause file system or lock space corruption.
Specifies the name of the locking protocol (for example, lock_dlm) to use.
This parameter has two parts separated by a colon (no spaces) as follows: ClusterName:FSName
ClusterName, the name of the Red Hat cluster for which the GFS file system is being created.
FSName, the file-system name, can be 1 to 16 characters long, and the name must be unique among all file systems in the cluster.
Specifies the number of journals to be created by the gfs_mkfs command. One journal is required for each node that mounts the file system. (More journals than are needed can be specified at creation time to allow for future expansion.)
Specifies a volume.
In this example, lock_dlm is the locking protocol that the file system uses. The cluster name is alpha, and the file-system name is gfs1. The file system contains eight journals and is created on /dev/vg01/lvol0.
gfs_mkfs -p lock_dlm -t alpha:gfs1 -j 8 /dev/vg01/lvol0
In this example, a second lock_dlm file system is made, which can be used in cluster alpha. The file-system name is gfs2. The file system contains eight journals and is created on /dev/vg01/lvol1.
gfs_mkfs -p lock_dlm -t alpha:gfs2 -j 8 /dev/vg01/lvol1
Table 5-1 describes the gfs_mkfs command options (flags and parameters).
|-b||BlockSize||Sets the file-system block size to BlockSize. Default block size is 4096 bytes.|
|-D||Enables debugging output.|
|-h||Help. Displays available options.|
|-J||MegaBytes||Specifies the size of the journal in megabytes. Default journal size is 128 megabytes. The minimum size is 32 megabytes.|
|-O||Prevents the gfs_mkfs command from asking for confirmation before writing the file system.|
|-q||Quiet. Do not display anything.|
|-r||MegaBytes||Specifies the size of the resource groups in megabytes. Default resource group size is 256 megabytes.|
|-s||Blocks||Specifies the journal-segment size in file-system blocks.|
|-V||Displays command version information.|
Table 5-1. Command Options: gfs_mkfs