16.1. Runlevels

16.1. Runlevels

Before you can configure access to services, you must understand Linux runlevels. A runlevel is a state, or mode, that is defined by the services listed in the directory /etc/rc.d/rc<x>.d, where <x> is the number of the runlevel.

The following runlevels exist:

If you use a text login screen, you are operating in runlevel 3. If you use a graphical login screen, you are operating in runlevel 5.

The default runlevel can be changed by modifying the /etc/inittab file, which contains a line near the top of the file similar to the following:

id:5:initdefault:

Change the number in this line to the desired runlevel. The change does not take effect until you reboot the system.


Note: This documentation is provided {and copyrighted} by Red Hat®, Inc. and is released via the Open Publication License. The copyright holder has added the further requirement that Distribution of substantively modified versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. The CentOS project redistributes these original works (in their unmodified form) as a reference for CentOS-5 because CentOS-5 is built from publicly available, open source SRPMS. The documentation is unmodified to be compliant with upstream distribution policy. Neither CentOS-5 nor the CentOS Project are in any way affiliated with or sponsored by Red Hat®, Inc.