17.3.3. Example Zone File

17.3.3. Example Zone File

Seen individually, directives and resource records can be difficult to grasp. However, when placed together in a single file, they become easier to understand.

The following example shows a very basic zone file.

$ORIGIN example.com. $TTL 86400 @ IN SOA dns1.example.com. hostmaster.example.com. ( 2001062501 ; serial 21600 ; refresh after 6 hours 3600 ; retry after 1 hour 604800 ; expire after 1 week 86400 ) ; minimum TTL of 1 day IN NS dns1.example.com. IN NS dns2.example.com. IN MX 10 mail.example.com. IN MX 20 mail2.example.com. dns1 IN A 10.0.1.1 dns2 IN A 10.0.1.2 server1 IN A 10.0.1.5 server2 IN A 10.0.1.6 ftp IN A 10.0.1.3 IN A 10.0.1.4 mail IN CNAME server1 mail2 IN CNAME server2 www IN CNAME server1

In this example, standard directives and SOA values are used. The authoritative nameservers are set as dns1.example.com and dns2.example.com, which have A records that tie them to 10.0.1.1 and 10.0.1.2, respectively.

The email servers configured with the MX records point to server1 and server2 via CNAME records. Since the server1 and server2 names do not end in a trailing period (.), the $ORIGIN domain is placed after them, expanding them to server1.example.com and server2.example.com. Through the related A resource records, their IP addresses can be determined.

FTP and Web services, available at the standard ftp.example.com and www.example.com names, are pointed at the appropriate servers using CNAME records.

This zone file would be called into service with a zone statement in the named.conf similar to the following:

zone "example.com" IN { type master; file "example.com.zone"; allow-update { none; }; };


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